Monday, March 30, 2020

Puntland Police on Alert as Somalia Terror Threat Moves North

Must Read

President Trump impeachment articles delivered to Senate for trial

The articles of impeachment charging US President Donald Trump with abuse of power and obstruction of Congress were delivered...

US soldier killed in Kenya is identified after Alshabab attack that left 3 Americans dead

 A U.S. Army specialist killed with two other Americans in an attack Sunday by al-Qaida-aligned militants in...

3 Americans killed in Al-Shabab attack at Kenyan military base

One U.S. service member and two American Department of Defense contractors were killed in a terror attack...
- Advertisement -

A checkpoint in the desert of northern Somalia is the first line of defense against Al-Shabab and Islamic State from reaching the port city of Bossaso, the economic hub of the semi-autonomous Puntland state.

The two extremist groups have set up camp in the mountains east and west of the city, and launch periodic attacks, including two assaults on the checkpoint last year.

In daylight, armed police search every car heading in and out of the city, looking for weapons, explosives, and hidden militants. At dusk, they take up positions behind bunkers in case the extremists attack again.

- Advertisement -

A soldier for the semi-autonomous Somali state of Puntland stands guard near a newly-built market across from police headquarters in Bossaso, Somalia, March 24, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)
A soldier for the semi-autonomous Somali state of Puntland stands guard near a newly-built market across from police headquarters in Bossaso, Somalia, March 24, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)

“We are always on standby, we are always careful, but with God’s will we will defeat them one day,” says Lieutenant Colonel Mahmoud Mohamed Ahmed, who commands the checkpoint.

Puntland has long been more stable than the country’s volatile south, where al-Shabab has battled the government and African Union forces for the past decade. But in the past year, there have been a string of smaller attacks in Puntland, including tossed grenades and shootings in and around Bossaso.

- Advertisement -

Now, government security forces are on alert amid fears that Somalia’s instability may be creeping north.

A sign marks a checkpoint and warns against illegal weapons in the desert leading to the city of Bossaso in the semi-autonomous state of Puntland in northern Somalia, March 25, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)
A sign marks a checkpoint and warns against illegal weapons in the desert leading to the city of Bossaso in the semi-autonomous state of Puntland in northern Somalia, March 25, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)

At the checkpoint, Ahmed says they uncover weaponry or make arrests almost every day. Two weeks ago, they found six al-Shabab suspects hidden in a truck bed, he says.

Just days before VOA’s visit, Ahmed says his men captured a suspected IS member who had jumped off his vehicle and tried to skirt the checkpoint by foot.

“I sent two groups of troops. Some took the vehicle, the others went by foot,” Ahmed explains. “When [the suspect] saw the first troops coming in front, he tried to run backwards, and he ran into the second group.”

A Puntland police soldier directs traffic outside police headquarters in the economic hub city of Bossaso, Somalia, March 24, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)
A Puntland police soldier directs traffic outside police headquarters in the economic hub city of Bossaso, Somalia, March 24, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)

Blending in

In Bossaso itself, security appears tight, with police and soldiers riding pickup trucks, maintaining a visible presence on the streets. But authorities admit extremist cells are in the town, blending into the civilian population. There have been two attacks on police posts in Bossaso this year, killing a handful of officers.

“As a normal person you can’t distinguish them from the rest of the people, and if they have the intention to do something, they do it and run away,” says Colonel Abdul Hakim Yusuf Hussein, the police commissioner for Puntland’s Bari region, which includes Bossaso.

While it’s unclear exactly who carried out the two recent incidents, police have set up new checkpoints and conduct night operations in the city to round up potential troublemakers.

A view of the port city of Bossaso, Somalia, at dusk, March 25, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)
A view of the port city of Bossaso, Somalia, at dusk, March 25, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)

Hussein says al-Shabab members are shifting north to escape military pressure in southern Somalia, and gain access to weapons smuggled by sea across the Gulf of Aden from war-torn Yemen.

But Hussein downplayed the overall extremist threat, noting that IS, which briefly captured a town east of Bossaso in 2016, now only has between 40 and 50 fighters, not enough to launch large offensives. He said smaller grenade or gun attacks are merely a way for extremists to say “We are still here.”

Bossaso remains calmer than Somalia’s capital Mogadishu in the south, where deadly explosions are common. Attacks in Bossaso target security forces and officials, a contrast to large bombings in Mogadishu that mostly kill civilians.

Puntland police ride on the back of a pick-up truck outside police headquarters in in Bossaso, Somalia, March 24, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)
Puntland police ride on the back of a pick-up truck outside police headquarters in in Bossaso, Somalia, March 24, 2018. (J. Patinkin/VOA)

During a walk with police through a busy market, VOA spoke to shopkeepers like Ali Mahmoud, who said security was fine in the city.

“You can come across an accident or an incident, but there is no big threat that we now fear,” he said.

Even so, as long as extremists remain in the countryside with access to weapons, Bossaso is not completely safe.

VOA

- Advertisement -

Latest News

President Trump impeachment articles delivered to Senate for trial

The articles of impeachment charging US President Donald Trump with abuse of power and obstruction of Congress were delivered...

US soldier killed in Kenya is identified after Alshabab attack that left 3 Americans dead

 A U.S. Army specialist killed with two other Americans in an attack Sunday by al-Qaida-aligned militants in Kenya has been identified by...

3 Americans killed in Al-Shabab attack at Kenyan military base

One U.S. service member and two American Department of Defense contractors were killed in a terror attack on a military base in Kenya that...

Al-Shabaab jihadists attack US-Kenya military base

 Jihadists from Somalia's Al-Shabaab group on Sunday attacked a military base used by US and Kenyan forces in Kenya's coastal Lamu region,...

Somalia: Spare the civilians, Red Cross and Red Crescent tell warring parties

Mogadishu (ICRC) – The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) call on all armed...

MORE NEWS

FEATURED

UAE’s Mohammed bin Zayed ordered the attack that killed 90 in Somalia..

A major terrorist attack hit Somalia yesterday, right at a time when Turkey is preparing for a military operation in Libya,...

Becoming Chinese’: Meet the first Somali in the world to “become Chinese”

NO MORE NORMAL I was born in Mogadishu in 1968 and my father is an optologist, who trained in Italy. Back then Somalia...

Could Somalia become the next Texas?

The story of Somalia is being rewritten, and Texas’s oil boom of the early 20th century is a good marker for...

Somali wrongly convicted in Alpi case gets 3 mn euros

A Somali man wrongfully convicted in the Mogadishu murder of RAI reporter Ilaria Alpi and her cameraman Milan Hrovatin on Friday got three million...